Which Cassette for which Procedure? Exodontia

As a customer of Dentalytec, we are here to assist you not only with Dental Sterilization Cassettes and Products, but also to assist you in selecting the BEST Dental Sterilization Cassette for each Procedure performed.

Last week we looked at Fillings and this week we are focusing on:


Refers to removal of tooth from the socket. Extractions are recommended by the dentists for several reasons and one of the major ones is for tooth infection that is deep rooted & may also be required for the braces treatment or may be required for giving dentures to the patient. In case of impacted infectious teeth also tooth extraction is required.

In case of simple tooth extraction, mainly forceps and elevators are used and in case of surgical tooth extraction, along with forceps and elevators, scalpels, dental drill, sutures are required.


  1. Dental Forceps:


The main function of forceps is expansion of the bony socket by the wedge shaped beaks of the forceps and movement of tooth with the forceps. Forceps are also used to pull out the tooth from the socket.

Forceps look like tweezers and have a firm grip which allows the dentist to exert sufficient force. The forceps allow the tooth to be held firmly and yet the dentist will be able to move it back and forth before it is plugged out.

2. Dental Elevators:

large-straight-elevator_largestraight elevators

Apexo-Elevatorapexo elevators



In case of teeth that are deeply entrenched and embedded in the gums then the use of the forceps is just not enough. In that case what is needed are Dental Elevator tools that need to be used along with the forceps. Dental Elevator tools can act as levers and these are put between the tissues and in between the teeth. Elevators are used for luxation of teeth. Elevators are frequently used to mobilize the teeth.

Elevator tools look just like tiny screwdrivers. They are of three different kinds of elevators. They are straight elevators, apexo elevators and cryers.

The main function of dental elevators is to luxate multirooted teeth prior to forceps application. They are used to luxate and remove the teeth which can’t be engaged by the beaks of the forceps like the impacted teeth, malposed teeth or badly carious teeth. Dental elevators can also be used to remove fractured root stumps or apical tooth tips.

Other Instruments possibly required:

Scalpel: In case of surgical tooth extraction which is also known as open tooth extraction, apart from dental elevators and forceps, instruments are required for giving incision and bone cutting. In case of surgical tooth extraction, tooth is damaged to such an extent that nothing is visible above the gums.  For giving incision that is for making cut on the soft tissues, scalpel is used. Scalpel is used to cut directly through gum tissue down to the bone. Scalpel has 2 parts that are blade and blade handle. After giving the incision, flap is raised to expose the tooth.

Chisels are unibevelled instruments for cutting the bone and osteotomes are bibevelled instruments which split the bone. Chisels are used to remove chips of bone in case of surgical tooth extractions and to split the tooth in difficult tooth extractions.

Mallet: It is made of steel, lead or wood and is similar to a hammer. It is used for giving controlled taps on the chisel or osteotome.

Burs: It is a quicker method of bone removal by drilling the bone at high speed. Burs are rotary instruments that cut the bone. They are made of either stainless steel or carbide. They are available in different lengths, shapes and sizes. They aid in bone removal or splitting the tooth during surgical removal of teeth. Hand piece and burs can also be used to round off the sharp margins after tooth extraction. Irrigation should be done during drilling with copious amount of saline solution. There should be as less damage to the alveolar bone during the surgical tooth extraction as possible.

Rongeur Forceps are used to nibble sharp bony margins after simple or surgical tooth extraction. Rongeur forceps have curved handles and have spring action. Bone file as the name suggests is used to smoothen any bony margins present in the surgical field. Bone cutter is similar to Rongeur forceps and is used to trim sharp bony margins after tooth extraction.


On average, that is a total of 8 Instruments of various sizes.

The BEST Dental Sterilization Cassette is:


Classic L


  • This is one of our Classic Range Dental Sterilization Cassettes. Classic L .
  • As some of the Instruments used vary in size and might be quite bulky, the Classic L is the ideal choice as it will not damage the larger Instruments in any way.
  • It can also fit long Instruments and forceps with ease as the silicone can be moved around to suit the space required for each Instrument.
  • The Classic L can also be divided into smaller spaces with an easy-to-fit silicone divider to make a secure space for a Micro Cassette that holds smaller pieces and drill bits.